France would also try to regain influence in the Middle East. Along with England and Israel, France tried to retake the Suez Canal after Egypt nationalized it in the 1950’s. To the right are sunken ships in the canal put there by Egypt to block the effort to retake it. President Eisenhower had to make it clear to all involved the military action would not be tolerated by the US. The conflict was resolved peacefully for the most part.
Next France would try to keep its colony in Algeria. This would also fail, but only
after a bitter and very bloody battle with the Algerian Liberation Front. This marked
the end of not only French colonialism, but all colonialism. That said, it was only
the beginning of Hegemonic aspirations by France to offset the Anglo American influence
gained after WWII. -
France then turned its attention to a revolutionary leader in Iran, the Ayatollah Khomeini. Ayatollah Khomeini wanted a fundamentalist Islamic Iran that would be in essence a totalitarian state. In the early 1960’s he openly rebelled against the Shah of Iran, a stable US ally trying to bring Iran into modern times and give fundamental rights to women and minorities in his country. The Shah expelled Khomeini and Khomeini went to Iraq for 14 years, after which, the Vice President of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, sent him to France. He went to France and planned his overthrow of the Shah from there and in plain view with the support of Jacques Chirac, the President of France. Chirac also had good relations with Hussein at the time. These pictures are of the Shah leaving Iran and the Ayatollah arriving.